Federal district: Saint Petersburg • St. Petersburg – administrative center of the Leningrad Region • Population: 5 356 755 inhabitants
St. Petersburg is a young city, it is only 300 years old, but among the largest cities in Europe it is considered to be one of the oldest. Buildings erected in St. Petersburg before 1917, almost completely preserved. Now there are about 18 thousand of them. In no city in Europe or America there are so many preserved old buildings. No wonder Petersburg is called a “museum in the open.” In addition, there are no more places in the world where you can simultaneously see buildings of different architectural styles, such as classicism, eclecticism and modernity.
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FROM THE OBVODNY CANAL TO THE NEVA RIVER AND FROM THE NEVSKY LAVRA TO THE PORT, ST. PETERSBURG LOOKS ALMOST THE SAME AS BEFORE 1917
23 interesting facts about St. Petersburg:
1. St. Petersburg for more than three hundred years of history changed several names. The first name is Pieterburh. Immediately after the bookmark, in the future it changed to St. Petersburg, in 1914 the city began to be called Petrograd. In 1924, after the death of Lenin, the city was renamed to Leningrad, and in 1991 the city was returned to its original name – St. Petersburg.
2. The length of the Neva River is only 74 km, but despite this, it flows through the territory a little less than the territory of Italy. The delta of the Neva includes the Ladoga, Onega, Saimaa, Ilmen, and the Svir, Volkhov and Vuoksa rivers. In the world there is only one similar water system – the Great Lakes in North America. The main river of St. Petersburg Neva carries more water than the Don and the Dnieper together.
3. In St. Petersburg is the highest in Russia cathedral – Peter and Paul, here is the tomb of the royal dynasty of the Romanovs. The height of its bell tower with a gilded spire, crowned with the figure of a flying angel – 122.5 meters.
4. During the Second World War, during the siege of Leningrad, the most valuable buildings and sculptures were concealed from bombing whenever possible, masked. “The Bronze Horseman” was littered with sandbags, the gilt dome of St. Isaac’s Cathedral and the spire of Petropavlovsky painted gray, and for the steeple of the Admiralty sewn a special cover.
5. In St. Petersburg is the deepest subway in the world. The city was built on a swampy terrain, so the tunnels of the metro had to be laid under the bedrock. Tunnels of the St. Petersburg subway run at a depth of approximately 70-80 meters.
6. St. Petersburg – the capital of trams. The length of tramways in the city is more than 600 km. This fact is listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
7. Among the city sculptures of St. Petersburg, angels are most often found. In total there are more than 3000 of them in the city. In St. Petersburg there are three main angels, three keepers of the city: gold, silver and bronze.
8. “Blue” bridge in St. Petersburg, thrown across the Moika River, is the widest bridge in the city and one of the widest in the world. Its width is 97.3 meters. The name “Blue” came from its original appearance: the bridge was previously wooden and painted in bright blue.
9. One of the most beautiful suburbs of St. Petersburg is Peterhof with its numerous fountains. To date, there are 173 fountains and 3 cascades in Peterhof. This ensemble was recognized as the world cultural heritage of UNESCO. Fountains of Peterhof are a real engineering miracle, they work without pumps and complex waterworks.
10. St. Petersburg is called the “Northern Venice”, because the water surface occupies about 10% of the city’s total area. According to this indicator, St. Petersburg ranks first among the cities of Russia and one of the first places in the world. St. Petersburg is located on 42 islands, has more than 300 bridges, among them 21 adjustable and 24 pedestrian.
11. Ancient Russian prince Alexander Nevsky is considered the patron saint of St. Petersburg. In St. Petersburg, many places associated with the name of the Grand Duke: Alexander Nevsky Square, the Alexander Nevsky Monument, the Orthodox Monastery of the Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra, the metro station “Alexander Nevsky Square”.
12. The city on the Neva became the first city in Russia, where in 1837 the first Russian railway St. Petersburg – Tsarskoe Selo was opened.
13. The botanical garden, located on the Aptekarsky Island of St. Petersburg, was conceived as a medical garden for growing medicinal herbs. They were used for the needs of pharmacies, hospitals and hospitals. And in the garden lab produced more than 150 types of medicines.
14. St. Isaac’s Cathedral is the largest cathedral in Russia and the fourth largest in the world.
15. In 1762 on the Palace Square in the heart of the city was built the famous Winter Palace, designed by the architect Rastrelli. After the completion of the construction site, the mountains were left with construction debris. However, Emperor Peter III found a simple and original way to get rid of unnecessary trash. He ordered to announce to the residents of the city that every person who wants can take everything he wants from the square, and at the same time is absolutely free. A few hours later the area was completely cleared of debris.
16. Construction of the Smolny Monastery was the longest in the history of the city. Construction of the building lasted 87 years.
17. In St. Petersburg in 1719, Emperor Peter the First opened the first public museum in Russia – the Kunstkamera. Today it is the most famous in all Russia museum of anthropology and ethnography. The collection of the museum has over one million expositions, revealing the ethnographic and historical features of the peoples of the world.
18. The largest in the world piece of malachite is stored in the Mountain Museum of St. Petersburg. The stone weighs 1504 kg. It was brought from the Urals and is in the museum since 1787.
19. The most popular among the Neva fish is smelt. This small fish from a detachment of herrings with a cucumber smell is considered one of the brands of the Northern capital.
20. In St. Petersburg there is the only equestrian monument in the world, which has only two points of support, is the monument to Nicholas I of the work of Peter Klodt on St. Isaac’s Square.
21. A monument to the lantern was erected at Odesskaya Street. It was here that on July 11, 1873, the first experiments of electric street lighting were carried out.
22. The inconsistency of St. Petersburg’s weather is due to a number of reasons: the proximity of the Gulf of Finland, inland waters, which occupy 10% of the city’s territory, as well as a multitude of rivers, marshes and lakes. But the main reason for the frequent change of weather conditions is that Petersburg is located close to the “main Arctic front”.
23. By June 21 – 22 comes the brightest time – the white nights, when even the brightest stars are almost invisible in the night sky. After a three-day solstice, the length of the day begins to decrease smoothly.
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The rest of the historical facts and not only you will be narrated by our obsessive guides.
P.S.: We also recommend to watch a video about St. Petersburg prepared by talented guys from Canada FTD Facts, who shoot fascinating videos about everything and about everyone ↓
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